A gummy smile can make your mouth appear as if you never actually lost your baby teeth. Too much gum makes your teeth look small and your smile less dazzling. Gum contouring can help.
People who have obstructive sleep apnea are also at risk for developing Type II diabetes, according to new research published in the journal Sleep Medicine.
“Over the last two decades, evidence has been accruing that sleep apnea may be associated with insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and Type II diabetes,” said study leader Mako Nagayoshi of Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Science in Japan.
According to researchers, 13% of men and 6% of women have moderate to severe undiagnosed sleep apnea. The World Health Organization estimates that about 1 in 10 adults have diabetes. The links between sleep apnea, obesity and diabetes have long been suspected, but previous studies included a small number of participants and failed to control for other factors.
This particular data included 1,453 participants with an average age of 63 who did not have diabetes, but were categorized as “mild”, “moderate”, or “severe” sleep apnea sufferers. They were measured against normal control subjects for comparison.
After approximately 13 years, 285 people developed Type II diabetes. Those with “severe” sleep apnea were 70 percent more likely to develop diabetes than the “normal” control subjects.
The current research underscores the need to screen for sleep apnea in patients who are at risk for developing diabetes – particularly the sedentary and overweight. Likewise, people with diabetes should be screened for sleep apnea so care providers can treat sleep disturbances caused by blocked air passageways.
More research is needed to investigate how effective treating sleep apnea can be at reducing the risk of diabetes, says Dr. Rashmi Nisha Aurora, a sleep medicine expert at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore.
However, a study conducted last year by researchers at McGill University found that patients with prediabetes who used a CPAP machine for eight hours a night were able to lower their risk of developing diabetes.
After just two weeks of treatment, the fasting glucose levels of the CPAP group were significantly improved and they had 27 percent lower levels of the stress hormone norepinephrine and lowered blood pressure.
However, researchers admitted that eight hours of CPAP a night was “difficult to achieve in real-life”, as many patients do not like wearing a full face mask as they sleep.
One alternative to CPAP treatment can be found at your doctor’s office. Dr. David Blaustein, a Midtown Manhattan dentist with Chelsea Dental Aesthetics, offers custom oral appliances that are worn like mouth-guards to reposition the jaw and tongue, keeping airways open at night.
“Most of my patients have tried CPAP,” he explains, “but discontinued use due to waking with dry throats in the morning, difficulty falling asleep due to the loud noise of the machine, or the inability to adequately maintain the equipment.” Furthermore, Dr. Blaustein says, “Frequent travelers find that it’s simply not feasible to take their CPAP machines with them wherever they go, so oral appliance therapy becomes a more desirable optiondue to its portability.”
To initiate treatment, patients undergo a basic oral exam and have x-rays taken. Dr. Blaustein takes impressions of the teeth and creates a custom-made mouthpiece right in his New York City office. Small adjustments are made to ensure a comfortable fit.
For more information about sleep apnea treatment with Chelsea Dental Aesthetics, call 347-774-4015.
You Might Also Enjoy...
Everyone wants a great-looking smile, and with veneers, you can get that picture-perfect look in just one or two office visits. Here's how veneers can help you correct your smile "flaws" so you always look and feel your best.
Are you concerned about the effects of bone loss in your jaw? Learn how dental implants can help stop the progression of bone loss and improve your overall oral health.
Invisalign can treat nearly all the same issues as traditional braces, and because the system is clear, you can have treatment without feeling self-conscious. Learn more about the types of alignment problems Invisalign can treat.
Few people have a perfect smile, and fewer still want to undergo expensive dental surgery to fix it. Porcelain veneers are the perfect fix for imperfect teeth.
Replacing your missing teeth is important not only for appearance's sake, but also for proper eating and chewing, speaking clearly, and maintaining oral and overall health. Learn which the right replacement option is right for you.